Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)Elimination of Cholera

Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)

The city of Kalemie is the largest urban area of the Tanganyika Province, located in the South-East region of Congo, on the banks of the Tanganyika Lake. Its population amounts to 253,000 inhabitants. The city is the entry point of cholera in the Eastern part of the country, which then spreads through the movements of the population.

Only 40% of the city’s households are connected to the water network set-up by the public company in charge of drinking water supply in Congo (REGIDESO)

Background 

Because of its proximity to lakes, the cholera finds its source in this area, being both the outbreak center and an incubation area in-between the epidemies. The lack of sanitary facilities leads to an increase of outdoor defecations, which contaminate waste water and ground water flowing into the lake. Deprived of sufficient supply from the network and/or adapted water treatment units, the local communities collect their supply of drinking water in the contaminated lake.

This consumption results in an increase of morbidity and mortality through hydric diseases, such as cholera. The city is incidentally ranked among the 59 health zones with the highest risk of cholera in Congo. It faces cholera epidemies which regularly decimate hundreds of persons due to the inaccessibility of some health zones affected by conflicts or isolated.

Despite the efforts made until now, the response capacities of various humanitarian partners remain very limited compared to the actual needs.

 

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Our team realised last June, an exploratory mission on the field.

It was the occasion to know to well understand the field reality, understand the issue and especially meet our partner AMUKA.

We have analysed water from the lake and from the other water source used by the population to drink.

Next step, draw the water filtration system we will use in two different point to provide drinking water for 13 000 people.

 

Kalemie has been up to over 400,000 internally displaced persons in the Province of Tanganyika on account of the conflict between the Bantu and the Twa pygmies (ethnic group of Luba) in 2017.